Kristallnacht (German pronunciation), also referred to as the Night of Broken Glass, was a pogrom (a series of coordinated attacks) against Jews throughout Nazi Germany and Austria on November 9-10, 1938. German authorities looked on without intervening. The name Kristallnacht comes from the shards of broken glass that littered the streets after Jewish-owned stores, buildings, and synagogues had their windows smashed.
At least 2,500+ Jews were killed in the attacks, and 30,000 were arrested and incarcerated in concentration camps. Jewish homes, hospitals, and schools were ransacked, as the attackers demolished buildings with sledgehammers. Over 1,500 synagogues were burned (95 in Vienna alone) and over 7,000 Jewish businesses destroyed or damaged. Jewish cemetaries were vandalized and countless Jewish homes were destroyed. To make matters worse, Germans charged Jewish people for "damages."
The attacks were prompted as a result of the assassination of a German diplomat by a German-born Polish Jew. Kristallnacht was followed by additional economic and political persecution of Jews, and is viewed as the beginning of the Holocaust.
History seems to be following the same path today that led up to the Holocaust. Just within the last few years, we saw these anti-semitic issues arise:
- Presbyterian Church USA considered banning the word "Israel" from prayers (June 14-21, 2014)
- Shoppers use App to Boycott israel in grocery store aisles (April, 2014)
- National Council of the American Studies Association (ASA), announced an academic boycott of Israel (December 4, 2013)
- More than 650 anthropologists signed a petition which calls for a boycott of all events, conferences, journals and projects with Israeli academic institutions (October, 2014)
- Unit Arab Emirates, a partner of American Airlines, has removed Israel from its flight map and refuses to transport Israelis (March 2014)
- In January 2015, two large swastikas were spray-painted on the Alpha Epsilon Pi fraternity house at the University of California, Davis.
- In February 2015, three swastikas were drawn inside a George Washington University residence hall.
- At the University of California, Berkeley, the phrase “Zionists should be sent to the gas chamber” was found in a campus restroom in March and a swastika was found on a university owned building in February.
- On February 22, University of Chicago students and staff reported anti-Semitic posts on a Facebook page called UChicago Secrets, such as “People are hypocrites. This is a fact. One example? The Jews at UChicago…” and “As a Person of Palestinian descent, I don’t think it is unreasonable or horrific for me to hate Jews…”
- Swastikas were spray-painted inside the house of a Jewish fraternity (Alpha Epsilon Pi) at Vanderbilt University on March 15.
- In March at UCLA, a student was asked, "Given that you are a Jewish student and very active in the Jewish community, how do you see yourself being able to maintain an unbiased view?" during the Student Council's confirmation of the nomination of the student to the council's Judicial Board.
- Several swastikas, along with personal slurs and epithets, were spray-painted on Stanford University's chapter of Sigma Alpha Epsilon in April 2015
- In April, 2015, vandalism of a residence hall at the University of Missouri included a swastika, the Illuminati symbol, and the word “heil.” Later, another swastika and the words, “You’ve been warned,” were discovered in the same area.
- In May at Drexel, a student came back to his residence hall to find a swastika and the word “JEW” taped next to his Israeli flag.
- October 2015, UNESCO takes a stand and declares the Cave of the Patriarchs a Muslim site only (In Hebron, Israel...this is where the tombs of Abraham, Sarah, Isaac, Rebekah, Jacob and more were buried).
Watch the video and look for similarities in what is going on around the world today that very well could be leading up to another Kristallnacht and launch another Holocaust.